Chapter 9 (Wars and Survival) of Tangata Whenua – an illustrated history, details of the historical wars that NZ faced during the period of 1860-1872.
The beginning of the wars started in Taranaki as the issue of land ownership arose.The chief stated the Waitara land was not for sale yet the government pushed for against this and ignored Maori objections. This led to Maori grouping together in order to fight the British Government who insisted on surveying and buying land that was not for sale.”Maori had to calibrate decisions carefully…to preserve tribal autonomy while protecting their lands…weighing the value of alliance with or resistance against the government” (256) “Lives were lost on all sides and for several iwi, land would be confiscated as well” (256)
Overall the wars were not just about the rights and ownership of land but the larger issue of sovereignty and Rangatiratanga. “The Taranaki wars was never simply about the fate of a 600 acre block of land at Waitara.”(256)
We are able to see the lasting effects of the war with visual and material culture with the NZ flag. This flag excluded Maori culture and instead highlights the difference between the two cultures. Instead of uniting two cultures as one nation, it divided them.
Anderson, Atholl, Binney, Judith and Harris, Aroha. “Chapter 9: Wars and survival”. Tangata whenua: An illustrated history. Bridget Williams Books, 2014. Print.
Anderson, Robyn. “Across Time: Ngā Haki, Ngā Kara Flags”. Tangata Whenua: An Illustrated History. Robyn Anderson. Aotearoa: Bridget Williams Books, 2014. 284-285. Print.